Plant a Butterfly Garden

Attract these common butterflies of the borderlands to your home by planting nectar and host plants from these plant families:

Milkweed (Apocynaceae) * Aster/Sunflower (Asteraceae) * Pea (Fabaceae)

Pollinator Garden In Action

A butterfly garden is as diverse as the butterfly species that live in the region. A complete garden includes a water source, and both nectar and caterpillar host plants.

List of common butterflies of SEAZ compiled by Matt Brown. Follow the link to find out more about his bird & butterfly tours around Patagonia.
Mating Pipevine Swallowtails - Photo: Adriane Grimaldi, cazba.org

Mating Pipevine Swallowtails – Photo: Adriane Grimaldi, cazba.org

Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor): PIPEVINE FAMILY (Aristolochiaceae) e.g. Indian Root or Watson’s Pipevine (Aristolochia watsonii). Flies all year.
Two-Tailed Swallowtail. Photo: Chris Kline, cazba.org

Two-Tailed Swallowtail on Desert Marigold – Photo: Chris Kline, cazba.org

Two-tailed Swallowtail (Papilio multicaudata): ROSE FAMILY (Roseaceae) e.g. Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata), Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), Arizona Rosewood (Vauquelinia californica); OLIVE FAMILY (Oleaceae) e.g. Single-leaf Ash (Fraxinus anomala), Velvet Ash (Fraxinus velutina); CITRUS FAMILY (Rutaceae) e.g. Hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata angustifolia); SYCAMORE FAMILY (Platanaceae) e.g. Arizona Sycamore (Platanus wrightii). Flies late January to early November. This is the AZ State Butterfly.

Dogface and Sleepy Orange Butterflies sipping water. Photo:Chris Kline, cazba.org

Dogface and Sleepy Orange Butterflies sipping water – Photo:Chris Kline, cazba.org

Southern Dogface (Colias cesonia): PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. Bastard Indigo (Amorpha fruiticosa, Stinking Willow or Mock Locust (Amorpha californica), Dalea species. Flies all year.

Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe): PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. Senna species. Flies all year.

Mexican Yellow Photo: Marceline Vandewater, cazba.org

Mexican Yellow on a Pea Family Plant – Photo: Marceline Vandewater, cazba.org

Mexican Yellow (Eurema mexicana): PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. New Mexican Locust (Robinia neomexicana), White Ball Acacia (Acaia angustissima). Flies all year.

Dainty Sulphur - Photo: Matt Brown, lifebirds.com

Dainty Sulphur on an Aster Family Plant – Photo: Matt Brown, lifebirds.com

Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole): DAISY FAMILY (Asteraceae) e.g. False Dogfennel (Dyssodia papposa), Common Beggar Tick (Bidens pilosa), Common Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale), Cosmos sp., Spanish Needles , Hopi Tea or Greenthread (Thelesperma megapotamicum). Flies all year. Very small but beautiful.

Gray Hairstreak - Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Gray Hairstreak on Fairy Duster, a pea family plant – Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus): PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. False Indigo (Amorpha sp.), Locoweed (Astragalus crotolariae), Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota), Silvery Lupine (Lupinus argenteus), Vetch (Vicia sp.). Flies all year.

Marine Blue - Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Marine Blue on a Pea Family plant – Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Marine Blue (Leptotes marina): PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. Mesquite (Prosopis sp.), Stinking Willow or Mock Locust (Amorpha californica), Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii), Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota), Feather Bush (Lysiloma watsonii). Flies all year.

Fatal Metalmark - Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Fatal Metalmark on Milkweed – Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Fatal Metalmark (Calephelis nemesis): DAISY FAMILY (Asteraceae) e.g. Seep Willow (Baccharis salicifolia). Flies all year.

Gulf Frittilary on a Zinnia - Photo: Adriane Grimaldi - cazba.org

Gulf Fritillary on a Zinnia – Photo: Adriane Grimaldi – cazba.org

Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae): PASSION FLOWER FAMILY (Passifloraceae) e.g. Hairy Passion Flower (Passiflora foetida), Passiflora sp. Flies all year.

Variegated Fritillary - Photo: Madeline VandeWater, cazba.org

Variegated Fritillary on an Aster – Photo: Madeline VandeWater, cazba.org

Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia): VIOLET FAMILY (Violaceae) e.g. Green Violet (Hybanthus verticillatus); FOUR O’CLOCK FAMILY (Nyctaginaceae) e.g. Spiderling (Boerhavia erecta); MILKWEED FAMILY (Apocynaceae) e.g. Metastelma arizonica; PASSION FLOWER FAMILY (Passifloraceae) e.g. Hairy Passion Flower (Passiflora foetida). Flies all year.

Painted Lady on Buffalo Fur, an aster family plant - Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Painted Lady on Buffalo Fur (Acortia wrightii), an aster family plant – Photo: Marceline VandeWater, cazba.org

Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui): DAISY FAMILY (Asteraceae) e.g. Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense), Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare), Wavyleaf Thistle (Cirsium undulatum), Desert Thistle (Cirsium neomexicanum), Estafiata (Artemisia frigida), Mugwort (Artemisia ludoviciana), Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea), Common Sunflower (Helianthus anuus); BORAGE FAMILY (Boraginaceae) e.g. Narrow-leaf Cryptantha (Cryptantha angustifolia); MALLOW FAMILY (Malvaceae) e.g. Alkali Mallow (Malvella leprosa =Sida leprosa var. hederacea, Sida hedeacea), Apricot Mallow (Sphaeralcea ambigua); GOOSEFOOT FAMILY (Chenopodiaceae) e.g. Chenopodium album; PEA FAMILY (Fabaceae) e.g. Silvery Lupine (Lupinus argenteus), Lupine (Lupinus succulentus); NETTLE FAMILY (Urticaceae) e.g. Urtica sp.; PLANTAIN FAMILY (Platanaceae) e.g. English Plantain (Plantago lanceolata). Flies all year.

Queen - Photo: Matt Brown, lifebirds.com

Queen – Photo: Matt Brown, lifebirds.com

Queen (Danaus gilippus): MILKWEED FAMILY (Apocynaceae) e.g. White-stem Milkweed (Asclepias albicans), Desert Milkweed (Asclepias erosa), Narrow-leaf Milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis=mexicana), Reed-stem Milkweed (Asclepias subulata), Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa), Vining Milkweed (Sarcostemma cynanchoides). Flies all year.

Borderlands grows out milkweeds species in support of Monarch butterflies, like this one.

Monarch caterpillar on a Milkweed – Photo: Molly McCormick

Monarch (Danus plexipus): Nectar Plant: Asteraceae Family. Host plant: MILKWEED FAMILY (Apocynaceae). Migratory Spring & Fall.
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FURTHER INFORMATION:
BR’s Native Plant Nursery – All of our plants are great for your pollinator garden.
Tips for planting a pollinator garden.
Southeastern AZ Butterfly Garden List from NABA..
Butterfly List for Patagonia, AZ area.
Join a butterfly count with the North American Butterfly Association.
  • Our Mission

    The mission of Borderlands Restoration is to reconnect wildlife, land, and people in the Arizona/Sonora Borderland region by involving people in restoring the ecosystem on which we depend.

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